Biosorption and Optimization of Condition Uptake of Cesium by Bacterium

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assist. Prof. of Biology, Faculty of Scineces, Ilam University, Ilam

2 Assist. Prof. of Environment, Nantes University, France

3 Prof. of Microbiology, Islamic Azad University, Sciences and Researches Branch, Tehran


The main aim of this work was to investigate Bacillus sp. strain MGL-75 as biosorbent, for the fixation of Cesium ions in batch reactor. Pollution of the environment by toxic metals is a major environmental problem. Biosorption kinetics and isotherms have been performed at pH= 7. The equilibrium time was about 5 min and the adsorption equilibrium data were well followed by the Langmuir`s equation. The maximum capacity has been extrapolated to 48 mg/g. The release of Cs ions, from Bacillus sp bye desorption agents such as EDTA, HNO3, KCl, CaCl2, CH3COOH, KCL, was studied. The effects of culture age of Bacillus and pH values on Cs ions uptake were studied. The effect of Na-Azid as an inhibitor and uncoupling agents such as 2, 4 Dinitrophenol and autoclave on cesium ions uptake also were examined. Results indicated that the Bacillus sp. strain MGL-75 can be an excellent candidate to remove Cesium ions from aqueous solution.


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