A Review of Dye Removal Using Polymeric Nanofibers by Electrospinning as Promising Adsorbents

Document Type : Review


1 PhD., Dept. of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assoc. Prof., Nanotechnology Research Centre, Tehran South Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Prof., Dept. of Environmental Research, Institute for Color Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran


Water is the most important material that humans and creatures need, and water contamination caused by chemicals such as dyes has brought many problems. Various methods have been used to remove dyes as organic contaminants. Polymeric nanofibers prepared by electrospinning have a nanostructure with a high adsorption capacity for removing water contaminants. To solve this problem, the adsorption process is used, which is very effective for removing water pollutants. The adsorption process is very important in terms of expense and reuse. The use of natural polymers is being promoted as a suitable alternative to synthetic polymers and to reduce environmental pollution. The results indicate that preparing nanofibers by electrospinning and using them as adsorbents is a suitable method to remove contaminants. The effect of operational parameters on the adsorption removal ability of polymeric nanofibers, the optimal adsorption conditions, and the mechanism of dye adsorption have been investigated in detail. The data indicated that polymeric electrospinning nanofibers can be used as environmentally friendly and effective adsorbents for removing water contaminants. Also, the treated dye wastewater is reused in the dyeing process and is not discharged into the environment to conquer the water shortage.


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