Investigation of Cd Adsorption and Accumulation from Contaminated Soil in Different Parts of Root Crops

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty Member of Agricultural Engineering and Technology Research Institute and Ph.D of Environmental Engineering, University of Tehran

2 Assist. Prof., Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Ahar Branch of Azad University

3 Assist. Prof., Dept of Environmental Engineering, University of Tehran

4 Assist. Prof. of Agricultural Engineering and Technology Research Institute, Tehran

5 Assoc. Prof. of Water and Environmental, Dept. of Engineering, Tehran Teacher Training University



آب و فاضلاب                                                                                                                                                                      شماره 4 سال 1388


Environmental pollution with heavy metals and their absorption by plants form a universal problem around the world. Numerous investigations have been conducted to put wastewaters containing heavy metals to agricultural reuse. Little is known, however, about the absorption of cadmium in the root zone and its accumulation in the different organs of crops, particularly in root crops. This study was carried out to investigate the influence of different levels of Cd concentration in the root zone on the accumulation rate in various parts of four different types of common root crops in karaj Iran. The experiment was performed in a factorial testing plan in random blocks and in four treatments with three replicates. The treatments included four levels of Cd concentration in soil (50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, control without Cd addition and water with 0.5 molar of EDTA). The soil used in this study was prepared by passing through a sieve with a 2mm mesh and adding Nitrate Cadmium (Cd(NO3)2). Cylinder plastic vases 40 Cm in diameter and 60 cm high were employed to cultivate vegetables. Water demandwas estimated via the Penman-Mantith method, in which Kc was calculated by means of recorded data at Meshgin-Abad synoptic station in Karaj. At the end of the growing season, samples were taken from different organs of the plants to measure Cadmium accumulation. The SPSS software was used for the variance analysis of the collected data. The Dunkan test (at 0.01 and 0.05 levels) was then used to evaluate averages of the specifications in the factorial testing levels. The results indicate a direct relationship between Cd concentration in the root zone and Cd accumulation in plant organs. Adding 0.5 molar of EDTA to the irrigation water caused Cd accumulation in plant organs to exceed 60 percent. The results also show that Cd concentration, except for the control, was in excess of the limit for human consumption and that its accumulation levels in the different species tested were ranked as: Root: carrot>potato>radish>sugar beet; Leaf: potato>radish>carrot>sugar beet; Fruit: potato>carrot>sugar beet>radish; and Fruit peel: sugar beet>potato>radish>carrot . 


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