Operation of an Anaerobic Baffled Reactor for Sulfate Removal of Amirkabir Industrial Estate Wastewater

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assist. Prof., Faculty of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

2 .Sc. of Environmental Eng., Isfahan Industrial Estates Co.

3 M.Sc. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Dept. of Environmental Eng., University of Tehran

4 Prof., Dept. of Environmental Eng., University of Tehran


In this study, the performance of an anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR Pilot 100 l and six compartments) for sulfate removal from the wastewater from Amirkabir Industrial Estate was investigated. The reactor was started with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 25 h at 35°C to be gradually reduced to 3.33 h. The best reactor performance was observed at a HRT of 4 h and a sulfate loading rate of 3.318 Kg SO4/m3.d at which the sulfate removal efficiency was 89.15%. In this condition, the highest sulfate removal was observed in the first compartment (69.08%) which had the lowest pH as acidogenesis and acetogenesis had taken place in earlier compartments. This result demonstrated that the sulfidogenesis occurred in the acidogenic phase. Maximum sulfate removal (66.11%) was obtained when temperature was reduced to 20°C (HRT of 4 h).  Under the same conditions, the fourth compartment which had lowest pH level exhibited maximum sulfate removal percent (28.98%). This indicates that decreasing temperature leads to the acidogenic phase to shift toward the following reactor compartments. Also, these findings are a further indication of the ability of the acidogenic phase for sulfate removal.


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