Health, Sanitary and Economic Evaluation of Home-like Systems of Water Treatment (Reverse Osmosis, RO) in Qom City

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.Sc. of Environmental Health Eng., Faculty of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom

2 M.Sc. of Health and Medical Services Management, Faculty of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom

3 B.S. Student of Health Environmental, Faculty of Public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom

4 M.Sc. Student of Environmental Health Eng., Faculty of public Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom


Reverse Osmosis (RO) is one of the most useful techniques to improve the elimination of organic and mineral Substances from ground and surface water after primary purification processes such as coagulation, sedimentation and filtration.This System provides the required water quality characteristics to somehow.  However, in selection RO systems civil management decision and general public opinion along with cost and health impact must be considered. This study was done in 2010. Statistical methods have used to gather data about of families who used RO In their private homes and mode of eliminate of the wastewater generated by this process. The results indicated that in the normal operational conditions such as pressure 6- 10 kg / cm2 the, optimum recovery % 30 and flow rate 1lit/min , and water temperature 4- 38C°, an Amount of 14191200 kwh of power energy have been consumed to produce 157680 m3 / year treated water required for 36000 families. This has also generated 367920 m3 / year of wastewater being disposed without any management and environmental considerations. Apart from that more than 198000 of filters have been ejected to the environment. Also regarding health aspects, reducing the hardness and fluoride levels in treated water could be undesirable. It could be concluded that increasing the number of local water distribution points and speeding up the water supplying project from Dez river toQom can decrease the investment on RO system.


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