The Role of Water and Wastewater Networks in Urban Infill Development : A Case Study of District 1 of Isfahan Municipality

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Former Graduate Student of Urban and Regional Planning, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Art University of Isfahan

2 Assoc. Prof., Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Art University of Isfahan

3 PhD Student of Water Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Khajeh Nasir University of Technology, Tehran


Social and physical decline of older inner city districts over time leads to the creation of deserted or inefficient areas in the heart of cities so that many such deteriorating land areas in cities remain undeveloped. The infill development strategy focuses on unused and deserted land areas in cities in an attempt to blow new life into old parts of cities aimed at urban sustainable development through optimally enhanced constructions and population density as well as striking a logical balance between density and land use change. Location of infill development can be assessed based on the excess capacity of urban water supply and wastewater collection infrastructure. In this study, EPANET, Sewer-Cad, Arc-GIS, Spatial Analysis, and AHP were employed to determine the potentials and capacity of the water and wastewater networks in District 1 of Isfahan Municipality as the zone selected for implementing infill development. The results obtained indicate that Khalaja and Darb Kooshk neighborhoods are of the highest priority due to their infrastructure excess capacity. The proposed method can lead to optimal use of missed opportunities and potential in urban areas, provide better inner city sites for future planning, and minimize unnecessary economic and social investments.


Main Subjects

1. EPA. (2002). “The clean water and drinking water infrastructure gap analysis,”. <> (Nov. 5, 2012).
2. ASCE. (2009). “Drinking water ASCE report card for americas infrastructure.” ASCE.
3. Baird, G. M. (2011). “Defining public asset management for municipal water utilities.” American Water Works Association, 61 (3), 30-38.
4. NEMW. (2001). “Strategies for successful infill development.” Northeast-MidWest Institute Congress for the new Urbanism;<>(Jun. 13, 2013).
5. Falconer, M., and  Frank, J. (1990). “Sufficiency of infrastructure capacity for infill development.” J. of Urban Planning and Development, 116 (3), 137-148.
6. Ellinor, B. D. (2013). “The costs of a growing city: A case study of Austin, Texas from 1982-2011.” MS. Thesis, University of Texas.
7. Hudnut, W.H. (2001). “Comment on J. Terrence Farris’s The barriers to using urban infill development to achieve smart growth.” Housing Policy Debate, 12 (1), 31-40.
8. American Planning Association. (2006). Planning and urban design standards, John Wiley and Sons Pub., NY.
9. MRSC (Municipal research and Services Center). (1997). “Infill development strategies for shaping livable neighbourhoods.” Report No.38,<>(Nov. 5, 2012).
10. Wilson, R. W. (1995). “Suburban parking requirements.” J. of the American Planning Association, 61(1),
11. Marlow, D., Pearson, L., MacDonald, D.H., Whitten, S., and Burn, S. (2011). “A framework for considering externalities in urban water asset management.” Water Science and Technology, 64, 2199-2206.
12. Florida Department of Community Affairs. (2003). City of dania beach urban infill and redevelopment area plan, USA.
13. Bloustein, E. J. (2006). Infill development standards and policy guide, New Jersey Meadowlands Commission (NJMC).
14. Sacramento City Council Res. (2002). City of Sacramento infill strategy, Sacramento CA: Planning and Building Department.
15. Rafieian, M., Barati, N., and Aaram, M. (1389), “Capacity development assessment of brownfield areas in CBD of Qazvin (on the basis of infill development approach).” Architecture and Urban Planning, 3(5),
16. Rezvani, N. S., and Kazemi, D. (2011). “Recognition within the framework of infill development in criticizing the current policies towards housing development (Maskan-e-Mehr) (Case Study: Natanz City).” Human Geography Research Quaterly, 43(75), 113-132. (In Persian)
17. Cardoso, M. A., Santos Silva, M., Coelho, S. T., Almeida, M. C., and Covas, D. I. C. (2012). “Urban water infrastructure asset management-a structured approach in four water utilities.” Water Science and Technology, 66(12), 2702-2711.
18. Saaty, T. L. (1994). “Fundamentals of decision making and priority theory with the analytic hierarchy process.” (The Analytic Hierarchy Process Series, vol. 6), RWS Publications, Pittsburgh.
19. Statistical Yearbook of Isfahan. (2011). Research and information technology, Department of Planning, Isfahan Municipality, Isfahan, Iran. (In Persian)
20. Ghodsi, N. (2012). “Building capacity for infill development of unused lands in inefficient urban areas using smart growth approach (Case study: Region 1 in Esfahan City ).” MSc Thesis, Art University of Isfahan.
(In Persian)
21. Bavand Consulting Engineers. (2007). Review detailed design areas 1 and 3 of Isfahan, Isfahan's Deputy