Investigation of Cd Uptake and Transfer in Different Parts of Wheat, Spinach, Cucumber and Carrot Crops

Document Type : Research Paper


Faculty Member of Agricultural Engineering and Technology Research Institute, Tehran University, Tehran, Karaj, Iran


Environmental pollution due to the accumulation of heavy metals in soil and their subsequent transfer to crops is a global concern that arises from improper application of industrial wastewaters. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of soil Cd on its accumulation rate in the various organs of four common crops in Iran (namely, wheat, spinach, cucumber, and carrot). The experiment was performed in a factorial design with random blocks including 3 treatments with 0 (control), 50, and 100 mg/kg.soil in 4 replicates. Soil was collected from the farm belonging to the Research Institute for Plant and Seed Breeding (Karaj) and filtered twice using 2-mm sieves before Cadmium Nitrate (Cd(NO3)2) was added and completely mixed. Crops were planted in plastic pots 40 cm in diameter and 60 cm in height. The water demand was determined using the Jenman Mantite method. At the end of the growing season, samples were taken from various organs of the crops and their Cd concentrations were measured. The results revealed a direct relationship between Cd accumulation and Cd concentration in the root region. All the treatments other than the control exhibited Cd concentrations higher than the standard limits for human consumption. Cadmium accumulation in the different organs of the crops exhibited the following orders: Root: Cucumber<Carrot<wheat<Spinach; Stem and Leaf: Carrot<Cucumber<wheat<Spinach; Fruit: wheat<Cucumber<Carrot<Spinach; and Fruit peel: wheat<Spinach<Carrot<Cucumber.


Main Subjects

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