Study of the Status of Resources and Water Consumption in Iran and Improving the Situation

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Economics , College of Economic, Managment and Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Prof., Dept. of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Prof., Dept. of Water Engineering, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

4 PhD Student of Economics, College of Economic, Management and Social Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


In recent years, due to excessive consumption and unbalance between water consumption and water resources, Iran has led to a severe shortage of renewable water sources. Therefore, in this situation, analyzing the status and presenting appropriate strategies is the main priority for policymakers. For this purpose, by designing a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model, status of consumption of water resources has been studied in the household, agriculture and industry sectors. The existence and definite status of the stable situation, both parametric and numerically, has been investigated according to estimated values for Iran's economic parameters. According to the results of the research, it should be noted that at present, per capita water consumption is 1000 cubic meters per year. In other words, with current domestic consumption per capita, water per capita is less than that on the optimal Path. It is expected to achieve sustainable equilibrium in a long-term horizons by reforming consumption and providing policy solutions. Also, based on the simulation, from different policies, Establishing a 8-year limit on agricultural products with high water consumption is the most important policy for achieving the above equilibrium.


Main Subjects

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