Application of Immobilized Silica Nanopowder within Alginate for Cadmium Adsorption from Aqueous Solutions

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assist. Prof. of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak

2 Assoc. Prof. of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public Health, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad

3 Faculty Member, Dept. of Environmental Health Engineering, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak

4 Faculty Member, Dept. of Environmental Health Engineering, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj


The main objective of the present study was to investigate Cd(II) adsorption by immobilized silica nanopowder within calcium alginate and to determine the isotherm, kinetics, and thermodynamics of the adsorption process. Batch flow mode reactors were used to investigate the effects of initial pH, contact time and metal ion concentration on Cd(II) adsorption. The optimal contact time and initial pH for Cd(II) adsorption were found to be 120 min and 4.0, respectively. Increasing Cd(II) ion concentration from 10 to 1000 mg/L led to increasing adsorbed Cd(II) ions from 5.71 to 100.65 mg/g. The results showed that the Langmuir isotherm model was the best model to describe the experimental data (R2=0.997). The maximum adsorption capacity (qm) for Cd(II) adsorption onto the adsorbent was estimated to be 72.99 mg/g. Based on the mean free energy of adsorption (E) obtained from Dubinin-Radushkevich (D–R) isotherm model, Cd(II) adsorption onto immobilized silica nanopowder follows a chemical mechanism (E=8.451 kJ/mol). The kinetic study indicated that the pseudo-second order model was a more suitable model than the pseudo-first order one for describing Cd(II) adsorption (R2=0.999). Additionally, the negative ∆Hº and ΔGº values demonstrated an exothermic and spontaneous Cd(II) adsorption onto immobilized silica nanopowder.


Main Subjects

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