Risk Assessment for Water Supply Systems in Iran During Crises Using the RAMCAP Method

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Graduate of Architechture, Azad Islamic University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Student of Civil and Earthquacke Engineering, Shakhes Pajhoh Research Institute, Isfahan

3 MSc Student of Earthquacke Engineering, Kurdistan Universty, Sanandaj, Iran

4 BSc Graduate of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran


Heavy damages might be inflicted upon national infrastructure due to a variety of disasters caused by natural events or human activities. One example of such vital infrastructure at risk is the water supply system. At the time of crises, the water supply system is expected to continue supplying water to citizens, or the crisis will be augmented. This warrants the potential threats and their effects on the system to be identified and evaluated in an attempt to determine the vulnerable systems and sites toward proper solutions. In this study, the assets and the associated threats of the water supply are identified followed by a vulnerability analysis. The RAMCAP method is then employed to determine values for the risks associated with each of the assets including dams, water storage systems, pumping stations, treatment plants, water wells, and building units. Methods are proposed to reduce these risks before a crisis occurs. In addition, basic threats due to air-missile and Cyber attacks are also considered.


Main Subjects

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