Treatment of Synthetic Wastewater by Aerobic¬-anaerobic Bioreactor with Granular Sludge Developed for Removal of Nutrients

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D Student of Environmental Eng., Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modarres University, Noor, Iran

2 Assoc. Prof. of Environmental Eng., Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modarres University, Noor, Iran

3 Prof. of Chemical Engineering, Mazandaran, University, Babol, Iran

4 Assist. Prof. of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Water and Wastewater Research Center (WWRC), Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

5 Expert of Research Laboratory of Nanoporous Materials, Faculty of Chemistry, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran

6 Ph.D. Student of Plant Protection, Vali-e-asr University, Rafsanjan


The excessive accumulation of nutrient (C, N, and P) discharge to surface water can pose serious ecological problems that affect the health of aquatic life and consequently that of human and animals. It is, therefore, necessary to remove these substances from wastewaters for reducing their harm to environments. A novel upflow aerobic/anoxic flocculated sludge bioreactor (UAASB) will be establish and apply as a single treatment unit for carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus removal. In this study, nutrients (C, N and P) removal efficiency in a time-based control UAASB reactor has studied. Analyze of nutrients removal efficiency were investigated from wastewater using optimization of factors and effects of variables: COD/N/P ratio and flow rate. Results of experiments showed that COD/N/P ratio 1000/250/2 and Q 7 L/h in HRT 6 h, F/M 0.054 kg COD/kg MLVSS.h and OLR 0.15 kg/m3.h were desirable for removal of nutrients from wastewater in aerobic/anaerobic bioreactor. In these conditions SVI 53.12 mL/g, COD removal efficiency 86% and PO43- removal efficiency 97.5% were showed. According all results of responses for best nutrient removal, UAASB bioreactor is desirable for removal efficiency of C and P. 


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