Application of WSBM Model in Zayanderood Basin (Isfahan)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Academic Member of Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center

2 Academic Member of Technical and Engineering Research Institute of Agriculture, Karaj


Water scarcity and salinization are major threats to sustainable irrigation in Iran as well as other parts of the world. Irrigation schemes are part of a basin and as such, irrigation research must be conducted in a basin context. For the Zayanderood basin in central Iran, a simplified Water and Salinity Basin Model (WSBM) was developed for a quick analysis of river basin processes. The model was calibrated and used for current and past water resources analyses. Despite the simplicity of the model, observed and simulated stream flows were similar, proving that the model could be used for scenario analyses. The first scenario was defined where the effect of an increase of water extraction for Isfahan was evaluated. In terms of basin scale water quantity aspects this increased extraction is negligible as extractions are relatively low and return flows are high. A second scenario was developed to study the additional releases required from the reservoir to provide sufficient water for expansion of the Rudashtain irrigation scheme. If no restriction is imposed on water quality, additional releases from the reservoir are limited. However, if salinity levels are not to exceed 2ds m-1, mean annual water release requirements from the reservoir will increase from 52 to 64 m3 s-1, and peak requirements during the irrigation season will increase from 85 to 112 m3 s-1. Finally, it was concluded that the methodology and the model developed were useful for a swift and transparent analysis of past, current and future water and salt resources, and performing scenario analyses.


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برگرفته از طرح تحقیقاتی مصوب ” بررسی مسائل شوری در رودخانه زاینده‌رود با استفاده از مدل WSBM  “به شماره