Preozonation Effect on Total Organic Carbon Removal in Surface Water Treatment

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Prof., Department of Environmental Eng., University of Tehran

2 M. Sc., Department of Environmental Eng., University of Tehran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Eng., Power and Water University of Technology

4 M.Sc, Department of Environmental Eng., Tehran University

5 Staff Member of Vice Chancellery for Research, Department of Environmental Eng., University of Tehran


In drinking water treatment, preozonation is often applied in order to control the microorganisms and taste and odor causing materials, which may influence organics removal by preoxidation and adsorption. Using commercial and natural water humic substances, the positive effect of preozonation as an aid to coagulation-flocculation of these compounds was confirmed by removal of TOC removal in Tehranpars Water Treatment Plant in Tehran. These experiments were conducted as bench-scale studies through a series of jar tests using different pH coagulant dosages and total organic carbon concentration of approximately 4, 8 and 12 mg/L. In addition to TOC removal, the existence of an optimum preozonation dose (OPZD) was also confirmed. Experiments show that preozonation can improve coagulation and flocculation depending on influent TOC concentration of raw water. The results demonstrate different effects of preozonation on removal of influent TOC. Preozonation showed a positive effect on a system with low influent TOC and very low molecular weight (noncolloidal) humic substances.


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