Determination of the Removal Efficiency of Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate Acids (LAS) in Fixed Bed Aeration Tank and Conventional Activated Sludge

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty Member of Environmental Health Eng., Faculty of Public Health, Yazd University of Medical Sciences

2 Prof., Center of Environmental Research, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan

3 Assist. Prof., Center of Environmental Research, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan

4 Chemical Lab. Expert, Center of Environmental Research, Isfahan University Medical Sciences, Isfahan

5 Design Expert of Parsjooyab Company Consulting Eng., Isfahan


Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate Acids (LAS) are one of the anionic surfactants that are produced and used in large quantities in different countries and find their way into the natural environment through sewer systems. These compounds may potentially cause environmental hazards in such surface waters as rivers. It is, therefore, necessary to remove as much of these compounds as possible by biological processes in wastewater treatment plants. For this purpose, four parallel biological reactors were constructed that used the conventional activated sludge and aeration tanks with fixed bed on the bench scale in order to evaluate the removal efficiency of LAS. The reactors were operated under conditions similar to domestic wastewater treatment plants. Parameters of interest were measured according to standard methods and ANOVA and T-test were used for the statistical analysis of the data. The results showed that aeration tanks with fixed beds yielded higher values of LAS and COD removal and air consumption compared to the conventional activated sludge system. It was shown that the two systems studied achieved LAS removal efficiencies of 96% and 94% for an influent LAS concentration of 5 mg/L. Further, it was found that the effluents from both systems satisfied water quality standards for discharge into surface waters (

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