Guo, W., He, M., Yang, Z., Lin, C., and Quan, X. (2011). “Aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Xihe River, an urban river in China's Shenyang City: Distribution and risk assessment.” J. of Hazardous Materials, 186(2/3), 1193-1199.
Bícego, M.C., Taniguchi, S., Yogui, G.T., Montone, R.C., da Silva, D.A.M., Lourenco, R.A., de Castro Martins, C., Sasaki, S.T., Pellizari, V.H., and Webe, R.R. (2006). “Assessment of contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls and aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments of the Santos and Sao Vicente Estuary System, Sao Paulo, Brazil.” J. of Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52(12), 1804-1816.
Trabelsi, S., and Driss, M.R. (2005). “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in superficial coastal sediments from Bizerte Lagoon, Tunisia.” J. of Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50(3), 344-348.
Ibbotson, J., and Ibhadon, A.O. (2010). “Origin and analysis of aliphatic and cyclic hydrocarbons in northeast United Kingdom coastal marine sediments.” J. of Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(7), 1136-1141.
Commendatore, M.G., Nievas, M.L., Amin, O., and Esteves, J.L. (2011). “Sources and distribution of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in coastal sediments from the Ushuaia Bay (Tierra del Fuego, Patagonia, Argentina).” J. of Marine Environmental Research, 74(0), 20-31.
Shutaee Juybari, Sh., and Malek, J. (2005). “Investigation of the natural land scape and land use changes of the southern coasts of the Caspian Sea. using aerial photographs and GIS (Case study: Coastal city of Noor).” J. of Geographical Research, 37(51), 95-105.
Pour kazemi, M. (2008). “Living resources of the Caspian Sea and Tehran convention.” J. of Central Eurasia Studies, 1(1),1-20. (In Persian)
Shahrban, M., and Etemad Shahidi, A. (2009). “Determination of water quality of the Caspian Sea southern coasts using OECD and TRIX indexes.” J. of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 11(3), 193-204.
Tolosa, I., De Mora, S., Sheikholeslami, M.R., Villeneuve, J.P., Bartocci, J., and Cattini, C. (2004). “Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in coastal Caspian Sea sediments.” J. of Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48(1/2), 44-60.
10. Nabizadeh, R., Binesh Barahmand, M., Nadafi, K., and Mesdaghinia, A. (2012). “Qualitative analysis of coastal waters in the Caspian Sea in Guilan Province: Determining the environmental health indicators in swimming areas.” The J. of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 22(88), 41-52. (In Persian)
11. Parizanganeh, A., and Chris Lakhan, V. (2007). “A Survey of heavy metal concentrations in the surface sediments the Iranian coast of the Caspian Sea.” J. of Water and Wastewater, 63, 2-12.
12. Long, E.R., and MacDonald, D.D. (1998). “Recommended uses of empirically derived, sediment quality guidelines for marine and estuarine ecosystems.” J. of Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 4(5),
13. Abessi, A., and Saeedi, M. (2010). “The origin of oil hydrocarbons in southern coastal sediments of the Caspian Sea in vicinity of Golestan and Mazandran province.” J. of Environmental Studies, 36(55), 43-58. (In Persian)
14. Mohammadi Zadeh, C., Saify, A., and Shalikar, H. (2010). “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS) along the Eastern Caspian Sea Coast.” Global J.of Environmental Research, 4(2), 59-63. (In Persian)
15. 15- Zakaria, P.M., Okuda, T., and Takada, H. (2001). “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) and hopanes in stranded tar-balls on the coasts of Peninsular Malaysia: Applications of biomarkers for identifying sources of oil pollution.” J. of Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42(12), 1357-1366.
16. Riyahi Bakhtiari, A., Zakaria, M.P., Yaziz M.I., Lajis, M.N.H., Bi, X., and Rahim, M.C.A. (2009). “Vertical distribution and source identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in anoxic sediment cores of Chini Lake, Malaysia: Perylene as indicator of land plant-derived hydrocarbons.” J. of Applied Geochemistry, 24(9), 1777-1787.
17. Riyahi Bakhtiyari, A., Zakaria, M.P., Yaziz, M.I., Lajis, M.N.H., and Bi, X. (2011). “Variations and origins of aliphatic hydrocarbons in sediment cores from Chini Lake in Peninsular Malaysia.” J. of Environmental Forensics. 12(1), 79-91.
18. Dean, W.E. (1974). “Determination of carbonate and organic matter in calcareous sediments and sedimentary rocks by loss on ignition: Comparison with other methods.” J. of Sedimentary Research, 44(1), 242-248.
19. Veres, D.S. (2002). “A comparative study between loss on ignition and total carbon analysis on mineralogenic sediments.” J. of Studia Universitatis Babe-Bolyal, Geologia, 47(1), 171-182.
20. Santisteban, J.I., Mediavilla, R., Lopez-Pamo, E., Dabrio, C.J., Zapata, M.B.R., Garcia, M.J.G., Castano, S., and Martínez-Alfaro, P.E. (2004). “Loss on ignition: A qualitative or quantitative method for organic matter and carbonate mineral content in sediments.” J. of Paleolimnology, 32(3), 287-299.
21. Tam, N.F.Y., Ke, L., Wang, X.H., and Wong, Y.S. (2001). “Contamination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments of mangrove swamps.” J. of Environmental Pollution, 114(2), 255-263.
22. Soclo, H.H., Garrigues, P.H., and Ewald, M. (2000). “Origin of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal marine sediments: case studies in Cotonou (Benin) and Aquitaine (France) areas.” J. of Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(5), 387-396.
23. Gogou, A.I., Apostolaki, M., and Stephanou, E.G. (1998). “Determination of organic molecular markers in marine aerosols and sediments: one-step flash chromatography compound class fractionation and capillary gas chromatographic analysis.” J. of Chromatography A, 799(1), 215-231.
24. Lü, X., and Zhai, S. (2005). “Sources and transport of hydrocarbons in sediments from the Changjiang river Estuary, China.” J. of Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50(12), 1738-1744.
25. Boitsov, S., Jensen, H.K.B., and Klungsøyr, J. (2009). “Natural background and anthropogenic inputs of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in sediments of south-western Barents Sea.” J. of Marine Environmental Research, 68(5), 236-245.
26. Leite, N.F., Peralta Zamora, P., and Grassi, M.T. (2011). “Distribution and origin of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments from an urban river basin at the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba, Brazil.” J. of Environmental Sciences, 23(6), 904-911.
27. Wu, Y., Zhang, J., Mi, T.Z., and Li, B. (2001). “Occurrence of n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the core sediments of the Yellow Sea.” J. of Marine Chemistry, 76(1), 1-15.
28. Hu, G., Luo, X., Li, F., Dai, J., Guo, J., Chen, S., Hong, C., Mai, B., and Xu, M. (2010). “Organochlorine compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediment from Baiyangdian Lake, North China: Concentrations, sources profiles and potential risk.” J. of Environmental Sciences, 22(2), 176-183.
29. Burton, J.G.A. (2002). “Sediment quality criteria in use around the world.” J. of Limnology, 3(2), 65-76.
30. MacDonald, D.D. (1994). Approach to the assessment of sediment quality in Florida coastal waters. colume1-development and evaluation of the sediment quality assessment guidelines, Report Prepared for Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL.
31. McCready, S., Birch, G.F., and Long, E.R. (2006). “Metallic and organic contaminants in sediments of Sydney Harbour, Australia and vicinity-A chemical dataset for evaluating sediment quality guidelines.”
J. of Environment International, 32(4), 455-465.
32. Long, E.R., and Morgan, L.G. (1990). “The potential for biological effects of sediment-sorbed contaminants tested in the National Status an Trends Program.” NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OMA 52, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, Washington, 175 pp 1 Appendices.
33. Long, E.R., Macdonald, D.D., Smith, S.L., and Calder, F.D. (1995). “Incidence of adverse biological effects within ranges of chemical concentrations in marine and estuarine sediments.” J. of Environmental Management, 19(1), 81-97.