سازه‌های تئوری رفتار برنامه‌ریزی شده و صرفه‌جویی در مصرف آب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه آمار، دانشکده علوم ریاضی، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به بحران خشکسالی در ایران و لزوم صرفه‌جویی در مصرف آب و شناخت عوامل تعیین‌کننده آن، در این پژوهش تلاش شد کارایی متغیرهای تئوری رفتار برنامه‌ریزی شده در پیش‌بینی رفتار دانشجویان برای صرفه‌جویی در مصرف آب مورد مطالعه قرار گیرد. برای انجام پژوهش از روش پیمایش استفاده شد و طی آن پرسشنامه آن در میان 122 دانشجوی دختر ساکن در خوابگاه‌های دانشگاه یزد توزیع شد. در نهایت داده‌ها توسط روش‌های آماری SPSS تحلیل شدند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که متغیرهای قصد رفتاری و کنترل رفتاری درک شده، توانستند 44 درصد تغییرات رفتار دانشجویان برای صرفه‌جویی در مصرف آب را توضیح دهند. ضمناً دو سازه هنجارهای ذهنی و کنترل رفتاری درک شده توانستند 34 درصد تغییرات قصد دانشجویان برای صرفه‌جویی در مصرف آب را توضیح دهند. بنابراین آن دسته از دانشجویانی که قصد بیشتر برای انجام رفتار صرفه‌جویی در مصرف آب داشته و معتقد بودند که تسلط بهتری بر رفتار خود برای صرفه‌جویی دارند، در نهایت رفتار بهتری برای صرفه جویی در مصرف آب داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Applicability of Theory of Planned Behavior for Predicting Water Conservation Behaviors among College Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tahereh Dehdari 1
  • Laleh Dehdari 2
1 Assist. Prof., School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc Student of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics Sciences, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Noticing drought crisis in Iran and importance of water conservation and recognizing its determinants, this research attempted to study the applicability of the theory of planned behavior variables in predicting water conservation behaviors among college students. Survey method was used for this research and questionnaires were distributed among 122 female college students resided in dormitories of Yazd University. Finally, collected data were analysed by SSPS statistical method. The results indicated that behavioral intention and perceived behavioral control variables were able to predict 44% of variance in water conservation practices among participants. Also, two structures of subjective norms and perceived behavioral control explained 34% of variance in behavioral intention for water conservation among participants. College students who had more intention for water conservation and believed to have more control over their behavior for water conservation, behaved better in conserving water accordingly

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Water conservation
  • Theory of Planned Behavior
  • college student
  • Yazd
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